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Ocean Freight Terms

          
           Container Configurations:
           Standard                  Reefer                  Open top             Flat Rack
          Types of Containers:

  Inside Length Inside Width Inside Height Door Width Door Height Cubic Capacity Tare Weight

Maximum Payload

STANDARD                
20' Standard 19'4" 7'8" 7'10" 7'8" 7'6" 1,172 cft 4,916 lbs 47,900 lbs
5.900 m 2.350 m 2.393 m 2.342 m 2.280 m 33.2 cbm 2,230 kg 21,770 kg
40' Standard 39'5" 7'8" 7'10" 7'8" 7'6" 2,390 cft 8,160 lbs 59,040 lbs
12.036 m 2.350 m 2.392 m 2.340 m 2.280 m 67.7 cbm 3,700 kg 26,780 kg
40' H.C.(High Cube) 39'5" 7'8" 8'10" 7'8" 8'5" 2,694 cft 8,750 lbs 58,450 lbs
12.036 m 2.350 m 2.697 m 2.338 m 2.585 m 76.3 cbm 3,970 kg 26,510 kg
REEFER                
20' Reefer 17'8" 7'5" 7'5" 7'5" 7'3" 1,000 cft 7,040 lbs 45,760 lbs
5.425 m 2.275 m 2.260 m 2.258 m 2.216 m 28.3 cbm 3,200 kg 20,800 kg
40' Reefer 37'8" 7'5" 7'2" 7'5" 7'0" 2,040 cft 10,780 lbs 56,276 lbs
11.493 m 2.270 m 2.197 m 2.282 m 2.155 m 57.8 cbm 4,900 kg 25,580 kg
40' H.C.Reefer 37'11" 7'6" 8'2" 7'6" 8'0" 2,344 cft 9,900 lbs 57,561 lbs
11.557 m 2.294 m 2.500 m 2.294 m 2.440 m 66.6 cbm 4,500 kg 25,980 kg
OPEN TOP                
20' Open Top 19'4" 7'7" 7'8" 7'6" 7'2" 1,136 cft 5,280 lbs 47,620 lbs
5.894 m 2.311 m 2.354 m 2.286 m 2.184 m 32.2 cbm 2,400 kg 21,600 kg
40'Open Top 39'5" 7'8" 7'8" 7'8" 7'5" 2,350 cft 8,490 lbs 58,710 lbs
12.038 m 2.350 m 2.345 m 2.341 m 2.274 m 65.5 cbm 3,850 kg 26,630 kg
FLAT RACK                
20' Flat Rack 18'5" 7'3" 7'4" - - - 5,578 lbs 47,333 lbs
5.620 m 2.200 m 2.233 m - - - 2,530 kg 21,470 kg
40' Flat Rack 39'7" 6'10" 6'5" - - - 12,081 lbs 85,800 lbs
12.080 m 2.438 m 2.103 m - - - 5,800 kg 39,000 kg

Types of Containers:

End loading, Fully Enclosed
The basic intermodal container with end doors, suitable for general cargo not requiring environmental control while enroute.

Top

Side Loading, Fully Enclosed
Equipped with side doors for use in stowing and discharge of cargo where it is not practical to use end doors, as when the container must remain on a railcar while cargo is placed in or removed from the container.

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Open Top
Used for carriage of heavy, bulky or awkward items where loading or discharge of the cargo through end or side doors is not practical. Most open top containers are equipped with fabric covers and are often termed "soft" or "rag" top containers. Some open top versions are fitted with removable hatch type panel covers or detachable full metal roof. 

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Ventilated
Equipped with ventilating ports on ends or sides, and used for heat generating cargo or cargo requiring protection from condensation (sweat) damage. Versions with powered air-circulating fans are available. Vents are normally fitted with baffles to prevent entry of sea or rain water.

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Insulated
For cargo that should not be exposed to rapid or sudden temperature changes. Available in ventilated or non-ventilated versions. Some carriers provide container with heating systems for special applications.

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Refrigerated
Insulated and equipped with a built-in refrigeration system, powered by direct electrical connection or by diesel or gasoline generator. It is used primarily for foods or other commodities requiring a temperature controlled environment.

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Liquid Bulk
Tank-type containers for carriage of liquids. Some have been designed to high level specifications for carriage of certain hazardous materials. 

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Dry Bulk
Designed for carriage of bulk cargo such as dry chemicals and grains.

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Flat Rack
Available in a variety of sizes and models, the flat racks are used for lumber, mill products, large, heavy bulky items, machinery and vehicles. Some are equipped with removable sides.

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Auto
Used for carriage of vehicles and available in enclosed or open versions.

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Livestock
Configured for the nature of livestock carrier; containers are available for transporting poultry, cattle and other livestock.

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Sea Shed
Experimental open-top container developed by MARAD and the U.S. Navy. This cargo handling system is designed to adapt containers-ships to the carriage of heavy, outsized equipment (notably military). The "work-through" floor construction (floor section opened by a self-contained winch) can reduce unloading time and pier side storage space since they need not be removed at destination.

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High - Cube
These containers are used for high volume/low weight cargo and can greatly increase the cubic area available for cargo stowage. high cube containers are in heights to 9.5 feet and to lengths of a maximum of 48 feet.

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Garment
With special tie downs and internal ceiling fittings, this container can handle hanging garments.

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